Title : The search of the rate of the scar caused by BCG vaccination of the newborn of The Health Science Center, Burapha University

Field : Medical Science (nursing)

Statistic Method : Descriptive

Researcher : Wanlapa Phungkhum

Year : 1998


The purposes of this quasi - experimental research were to study the rate of the scar caused by BCG vaccination and the relation of this rate with the newborn factors : sex, birth weight, the country of parent and medical factors which was the injection technique by the researcher and injected by the nurse of the ward in the newborn of the Health Science, Burapha University. The study was conducted at the Well baby clinic of the Health Science center from October 1998 to March 1999 by giving BCG vaccination to the samples who were newborn and these newborn were divided into two groups ;45 of experimental group and 62 of control group, then the newborn were followed up to exam the scar caused by BCG vaccination until they were six month. The data were analysis by using descriptive statistic ; percentage, mean, standard deviation and comparing the rate of the scar with the factors. The results were as followed : all of the newborn factors were not different for the rate of the scar, the medical factors which was the injection technique by the research. In the experimental group, the rate of the scar were more than the control group which were injected by the nurse of the ward(95.56 %, 70.97 %) with a significant at .05 (p-value=.001) According to the result of this study, it was recommended that the health care provider should give concern and more importance to the efficiency of BCG vaccination outcome in order to prevent tuberculosis from immunization.

Title : Perception , Decision Making and Behavioral Adaptation of HIV Positive Pragnancy

Researchers : 1. Mrs.Wethaka Klinwichit

                        2. Mrs.Nalin Mongkolsri

                        3. Mrs.Jindaporn Suranate

                        4. Mr.San Klinwichit

                        5. Mrs.Angkana Satayawanit

Grant : Government Budget

Year : 1998


             The purpose of this qualitative research was designed to describe the perception , decision making and behavioral adaptation of HIV positive pregnancy, as well as to analyses factors that influence and support the decision making and behavioral adaptation. The 15 participants were the clients in the antenatal clinic of Health science Service Center at Burapha University, whose results of the test were antibody HIV positive and willing to participate in this study. Content analysis was done with data in-depth interviews and participant observation during 11 month period from November 1997- September 1998.

            It was found that,

1.      The pregnancy women were frighten when being first diagnosis with HIV positive

and frustrated, but later were able to accept the condition and start to learn about reasons of infection, severity of disease, principle of self-care and opportunity of viral transmission to their fetus in uterine.

2.      The counseling with their husband was the most important factor to continue their

pregnancy. Other factors for continuing pregnancy were the pregnancy itself, gestational age and religion believe.

3.      Behavioral adaptation in self-care during pregnancy were at the right track;

participating clinic consistency and keeping body weight, taking care of their children as well as normal mother does. Having stress and high anxiety and depress, lacking of knowledge and understanding following up of their children health.

4.      The important factors to supportive decision making and adaptation for continued

their life was the family’s acceptation and sympathy. Besides this, support from society and job opportunity were among the factors.

            This study provides also knowledge and understanding in behavior of HIV pregnancy to help their adaptation, thinking style. The decision processes can be used to improve to counseling, health education and holistic care for HIV pregnancy.

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