Title : Work ability promoting among nurses working at Health Science Center, Burapha University
Researcher : Wethaka Klinwichit
Year : 2007
Proceeding : Wethaka Klinwichit. Health Promotion and Work Ability among Nurses Working in Burapha
University Hospital . Oral Presentation in The 2nd International Conference on Occupational Health Nursing
2007. 23-27 August 2007 at Siam City Hotel.
Background Work ability is an important component of the broader concept of employability. It refers to both
the individual and occupational factors that are essential to a person’s ability to cope in working life. Previous researches
found that work ability decrease when engaging in middle age(around 45 years old) , routine work and work loading were
suffered to mind and body , unnatural posture with working , dependence or confuse in role and function of work , work
dissatisfaction , health problems and including nurses working were expected the professional career , high competence and
responsibility. They effected nurses stress and anxiety. Contacting with physiological , biological and psychological
toxicity that effected work ability among nurses worker.
Objectives This study aimed to promote the work ability among nurse working by using quantitative and qualitative
Method We measured work ability by a self administered questionnaire ; called the Work ability index ; WAI (Finnish
institute of Occupational Health , 1998).The seven index consist of 1) The comparison between the current work ability
and the lifetime best 2) Work ability in relation to mental demand of job and mental resource 3) Amount of diagnostic
diseases 4) The mistaken-work from illness 5) How many day off from illness in this year 6) Work ability predict toward
2 years later and 7) Mind status while working and relaxing. The subjects consisted of 72 nurses working in a 150 beds
university hospital in the Eastern region of Thailand. The process of study was divided into 4 phases ; including assessment
of problems , planning of programs , implementation and intervention evaluation. Re-planning and re–evaluating were done
to obtain the information generated from the action implemented. T-test was used to analyze the mean difference of WAI
and its items between age group.
Finding The subjects’ mean age was 31.03 years (SD = 6.7) . The mean WAI of nurses increased from 39.8 (SD = 3.2)
to 40.4 (SD = 3.1) after intervention. When the WAI of nurses was compared between age groups , it was found that the
WAI of nurses less than thirty was lower than those of nurses older than thirty both before and after intervention.
The current work ability was compared with the lifetime best , work ability in relation to mental demands of job and mental
resource were significant lower in younger group than those in older group. From interview , some nurses reported that the
younger nurses were temporary staff , which affected their emotional , job security confidence and career plans.
The results suggestion Psychological support from nurse managers is important in improving the work ability of