Title : Work ability promoting among nurses working at Health Science Center, Burapha University

         Researcher : Wethaka  Klinwichit

         Year : 2007

    Proceeding : Wethaka  Klinwichit. Health  Promotion  and Work  Ability among  Nurses  Working  in  Burapha   

   University  Hospital . Oral Presentation  in  The  2nd  International  Conference  on  Occupational  Health  Nursing

   2007.  23-27  August  2007  at  Siam City Hotel.


          Background Work ability is an important component of the broader concept of employability. It refers to both 

      the individual and occupational factors that are essential to a person’s ability to cope in working life. Previous researches 

      found that work ability  decrease when engaging in middle age(around 45 years old) , routine work and work loading were 

      suffered to mind and body ,  unnatural  posture with working  , dependence  or confuse in role and function of work , work 

      dissatisfaction , health problems and including nurses working were expected the professional career  , high competence and

      responsibility. They effected nurses stress and anxiety. Contacting with physiological ,  biological  and psychological   

      toxicity that effected  work ability among nurses worker.


        Objectives  This study aimed to promote the work ability among nurse working by using quantitative and qualitative 

       research methods.


         Method  We measured work ability by a self administered questionnaire ; called the Work ability index ; WAI (Finnish

       institute of Occupational Health , 1998).The seven index consist of  1) The comparison between the current work ability

       and the lifetime best 2) Work ability in relation to mental demand of job and mental resource  3) Amount of diagnostic

      diseases 4) The mistaken-work from  illness  5) How many day off from illness in this year 6) Work ability  predict  toward

      2 years later and 7) Mind status while working and relaxing. The subjects consisted of 72 nurses working in a 150 beds

      university hospital in the Eastern region of Thailand. The process of study was divided into 4 phases ; including assessment 

      of problems , planning of programs , implementation and intervention evaluation. Re-planning and re–evaluating were done 

      to obtain the information generated from the action implemented. T-test was used to analyze the mean difference of WAI 

      and its items between age group.


        Finding The subjects’ mean age was 31.03 years (SD = 6.7) . The mean WAI of nurses increased from 39.8 (SD = 3.2)

      to 40.4 (SD = 3.1) after intervention. When the WAI of nurses was compared between age groups , it was found that the

     WAI of nurses less than thirty was lower than those of nurses older than thirty both before and after intervention. 

      The current work ability was compared with the lifetime best , work ability in relation to mental demands of job and mental 

      resource were significant lower in younger group than those in older group. From interview , some nurses reported that the 

      younger nurses were temporary staff , which affected their emotional , job security confidence and career plans.


        The results suggestion  Psychological support from nurse managers is important in improving the work ability of 

       younger nurses.

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